The Best Fixed-Rate Bonds to Buy Now

We Don’t Write Much about Fixed-Rate Bonds at Cabot. But these Four are Worth Your Consideration.

If we’ve heard it once, we’ve heard it from hundreds of subscribers: What are the best fixed-rate bonds to buy? Ever since late 2008, income investors have been in a pickle—after some rate hikes, the Fed is easing again, and most money market funds are yielding around 1%, forcing investors to dive into dividend stocks to earn their 3% or 4% yields.

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But many investors are also looking for some surety through fixed-rate bonds—getting 5% to 7% interest every year (sometimes more) with a lot of safety is especially attractive when longer-term government bonds are yielding less than 2%. In a low-interest environment, most investors don’t believe such safe, steady gains are possible.

But they are! And it’s not achieved through a complex system of options or speculative instruments that you have no confidence in.

We focus on three plentiful, popular types of fixed-income securities: Term preferred stocks, “baby” bonds (they’re called baby because they’re issued in $25 increments so the average investor can buy them) and fixed-to-floating preferred stocks. As with any investment, you have to know what to look for, but once you do, you can achieve the steady and safe income steam you desire.

The Best Fixed-Rate Bonds: Term Preferred Stocks and Baby Bonds

Term preferred stocks and baby bonds are very similar in how they work. Let’s talk about some of the details.

Pricing: The vast majority of term preferreds and baby bonds have a par value of $25 per share. They trade on major exchanges and are bought just like stocks through your brokerage account.

Liquidity: Nearly all preferreds and baby bonds trade relatively sparsely. Thus, when buying, you want to be sure to use limit orders—if you buy at the market, you’ll often pay more than you have to. Instead, place a limit order for the day; that way you know you won’t pay more than a given price.

Callable: Almost all preferreds and baby bonds are callable two to five years after their initial issuance. What does that mean? That the company has the right to “call” back the security, paying owners $25 per share in exchange. (Companies will do this occasionally to “refinance” the bond and cut their costs.) Because of this, you want to avoid buying issues that are (a) priced well above $25 and (b) could be called within just a few months.

Fixed Coupons: Every preferred or baby bond has a fixed coupon rate. Most pay interest quarterly, though some term preferreds pay monthly. Of course, the big benefit is that these payouts are higher up the food chain for a company—they have to pay your interest before any common dividends. So the payments are much safer than a regular stock dividend.

Maturity: Every term preferred and baby bond has a maturity date, at which point the company gives you back $25 per share. Some bonds from well-respected companies have very long maturity dates—up to 60 years if you can believe it!—but there are a good number that mature in three to 10 years.

Note: Ordinary preferred stocks (often called perpetual preferreds) have similar features, but of course, they have no maturity dates. Companies never have to redeem them! That’s fine as long as interest rates are steady, but when rates rise, there’s nothing stopping these perpetual preferreds from falling sharply in value and staying down for years.

Additional Safety Features: Some of the most common issuers of term preferreds and fixed-rate baby bonds are closed-end funds and business development companies (BDCs), which offer these securities to leverage their results for common shareholders. The good news for income investors is that both have asset restrictions that make it safer to own these securities.

Specifically, BDCs are required to have an asset coverage ratio of at least 150% – generally speaking that means for every $1.5 million of assets, they can’t have more than $1.0 million in liabilities. (There are a couple of exceptions, but those are easily checked before you buy the bond.)

Moreover, closed-end funds have even greater protections—they must have an asset coverage ratio of 200% (twice as many assets as total liabilities), and when they issue debt, the coverage ratio must be 300%! Such restrictions give the fixed-rate bond investor a huge cushion of safety.

Adding a Little Flavor (and Higher Yield): Fixed-to-Floating Preferred Stocks

Fixed-to-floating preferred stocks are a special instrument that have been gaining in popularity recently. Like ordinary preferred stocks, they have no maturity, but their special floating rate feature protects them from future rises in interest rates.

Specifically, fixed-to-floating preferred stocks pay a fixed amount for the first few years of their life, but after that, will pay a floating rate (normally three-month LIBOR, which goes up and down with the Fed’s actions, plus a fixed portion). Thus, even if rates continue to rise in the years ahead, as is likely, these issues will tend to hold their value, as investors know the payments will increase along with interest rates.

The 4 Best Fixed-Rate Bonds Right Now

So what term preferreds, fixed-rated baby bonds and fixed-to-floating preferreds are our favorites? Here are four to consider, but a word to the wise—nothing is risk free, including these securities. (If it was, you’d be getting 1.0% interest, like you do in a money market fund.) It’s always possible things could go amiss, so be sure to do your due diligence before buying.

With that said, here are the four best fixed-rate bonds right now.

Best Fixed-Rate Bond #1: Eagle Point Credit Baby Bond (ECCX)

Coupon: 6.6875% ($0.418 per share, per quarter)

Interest Payable: Last day of March, June, September and December

(Note: Ex-dividend dates are usually two weeks before the pay dates)

Payments will count as ordinary income (fully taxable)

Callable as of: 4/30/2021

Maturity Date: 4/30/2028

Eagle Point is a closed-end fund that invests in collateralized loan obligations (CLOs). Please note that these are not the collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) that nearly brought down many big banks during the financial crisis.

CLOs have a long history of volatile-yet-juicy returns. CLOs own a collection of senior, secured, floating rate corporate bank loans, with lots of leverage. Thus, Eagle Point itself is almost like a juiced up high-yield bond fund. Indeed, when high-yield bonds were under duress during the 2015-2016 energy price collapse, this fund’s net asset value fell from $19.63 per share in November 2014 to as low as $13.02 per share in March 2016, a 34% haircut.

And the firm is having another pretty big drawdown in its net asset value in recent quarters—it’s fallen to around $10 per share from $14 a few months ago!

However, as investors in the fund’s baby bond, that action doesn’t mean much. What really counts is the fund’s asset coverage ratio and the cash its investments spin off.

As mentioned above, for closed-end funds, total assets must be at least two times the total leverage (debt plus preferred stock) on the books. And for a baby bond like ECCX, the coverage must be three-to-one! Eagle Point is even more conservative on that front (a good thing); the funds’ assets total about $520 million, compared to $101 million of fixed-rate bonds (asset coverage of more than five-to-one), which provides a huge level of cushion for investors in the baby bond. (Eagle Point also has another $70 million or so of term preferred stock—another form of leverage—but ECCX is higher up on the food chain than the preferreds.)

As for income, there’s also a giant amount of safety for ECCX. In the first three quarters of 2019, for instance, Eagle Point brought in $51.7 million of investment income, but it had interest obligations on its bonds of just $5.1 million or so—10-to-1 coverage! Even a horrible credit crunch wouldn’t come close to threatening Eagle’s ability to pay on these bonds.

ECCX has a slightly longer time until maturity (2027) than we’d prefer, and it’s callable in April 2021, which is a bit sooner given that it generally trades above par. However, because ECCX is Eagle Point’s lowest-yielding piece of leverage (it has preferreds at 7.75% and another debt issue at 6.75%), so while you should aim close to 25.5 (ideally below), we don’t think it’s likely to be called even after April 2021.

Best Fixed-Rate Bond #2: Energy Transfer Partners Series E Fixed-to-Floating Preferred Shares (ETP-E or ETPprE at most brokerages)

Coupon: 7.60% ($0.475 per share, per quarter) through 5/15/2024; then paying 5.16% plus three-month LIBOR

Dividends Payable: 15th of February, May, August and November

(Note: Ex-dividend dates are usually two weeks before the pay dates)

Security will produce a K-1 at tax time (it’s a simplified version, though, with payments generally equal to taxable income)

Callable as of: 5/15/2024

Maturity Date: None

Energy Transfer Partners is a giant master limited partnership, with assets totaling $91 billion that are spread all around the country and have a presence in most of the country’s major basins, including the Permian, Bakken, Marcellus, Eagle Ford and more.

The common stock of Energy Transfer has had a tough time in recent years, like many of the big MLPs, with investors worried about the debt load (even though that’s come down quite a bit) and energy prices. But business remains in great shape for this company—in the first nine months of this year, operating income was up 41%, EBITDA rose 23% and distributable cash flow lifted 24%. Even the common dividend for ET is covered by 1.88 times (Q3), and the firm is plowing that excess cash flow into growth projects.

Add it up and we see a lot of safety in this preferred stock. So far this year, the company has cranked out $5.9 billion of operating distributable cash flow, yet the combination of interest payments on its bonds and preferred stock payments totaled just $1.9 billion—a coverage ratio of more than three to one. Said another way, if Energy Transfer’s cash flow gets cut in half (almost certainly not happening), it would still have more than enough money as it needs to meet its interest obligations and preferred payouts.

(ETP also pays $808 million per quarter of common dividends, so if worse came to worse, cutting those payouts would provide a huge amount of money to keep preferred owners happy.)

ETP-E hit the market in April 2019; its first payment came mid-August. ETP-E is a fixed-to-floating issue, paying a solid 7.60% annually through May 2024, and then paying 5.16% plus three-month LIBOR (trading around 1.9%). Combine that with the fact that it’s not callable for four and a half years, and investors are likely to earn a solid return here from the dividends, while ETP-E should remain relatively resilient even in the event interest rates head higher down the road.

Best Fixed-Rate Bond #3: Monroe Capital Baby Bond (MRCCL)

Coupon: 5.75% ($0.359 per share, per quarter)

Interest Payable: End of January, April, July and October

(Note: Ex-dividend dates are usually two weeks before the pay dates)

Payments will count as ordinary income (fully taxable)

Callable as of: 10/31/2020

Maturity Date: 10/31/2023

OK, OK, 5.75% isn’t the most thrilling thing in the world, but we’re putting this bond in here because it’s very short-term (matures in just less than four years) and looks safe. Nothing wrong with that combination.

Monroe Capital (common stock ticker is MRCC) is a mid-sized business development company (BDC) that’s been public since 2012 and has $693 million of assets in the form more than 150 total loans and a couple dozen equity positions in more than 80 different companies.

To be fair, the firm is levered up a bit more than most of its peers; at the end of the most recent quarter had $440 million of debt, giving it an asset coverage ratio of “only” 1.6x or so.

However, much of that debt consists of debentures from the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), which are advantaged, low interest rate loans. Indeed, in the most recent quarter, Monroe’s interest income was $17.3 million, compared to interest payments due of just $5.5 million—plenty of leeway there.

But there are two other factors that make MRCCL a good bet. First, Monroe itself is a conservative lender—a full 77% of its loans are first-lien, and as mentioned earlier, it’s very diversified, with its largest single investment less than 4% of assets.

Just as important is the structure of Monroe’s liabilities—it doesn’t have any debt maturing before 2023, so there’s basically no chance of the firm getting squeezed even if there was a general credit crunch (no need to refinance any bonds, and plenty of income to cover interest costs).

All told, we think MRCCL is a solid, conservative issue for those willing to collect some interest in the years ahead. There’s a bit of call risk coming up (October 30, 2020), but given the already-low coupon, we think it’s more like MRCCL remains outstanding until maturity.

Best Fixed-Rate Bond #4: Annaly Capital Series I Fixed-to-Floating Preferred Shares (NLY-I or NLYprI at most brokerages)

Coupon: 6.75% fixed annually ($0.422 per share, per quarter) through 6/30/2024; rate will then float at 4.99% plus three-month LIBOR

Dividends Payable: Last Day of March, June, September and December

(Note: Ex-dividend dates are usually two weeks before the pay dates)

Qualified Dividends: No (fully taxable)

Callable as of: 6/30/2024

Maturity Date: None

We’re not huge fans of mortgage REITs as general businesses—while they pay healthy dividends, even the best firms in the group can see their book values (and common stock prices) decrease when spreads tighten and the occasional pop higher in interest rates damages their investments.

However, for income investors, the preferred stocks of many in the group are very safe. Why? Because the payments from these preferreds are tiny compared to the company as a whole, providing a ton of cushion even when the environment turns bearish.

Annaly Capital is the big dog in the mortgage rate sector ($129 billion in assets!), and its various fixed-to-floating preferred stocks have a ton of coverage, which is why we think it’s a good investment. For instance, Annaly pays out around $36 million or so of preferred dividends every quarter (it has many series of preferreds, but the I is our current favorite), while dividends on its common stock total $360 million, 10 times as much!

Moreover, the company’s book value (basically the value of its investments in mortgage-backed securities, less repurchase agreements and other liabilities) stands at a whopping $15.2 billion, making it the largest mortgage REIT in the industry, and dwarfing the $2 billion of par value in preferred stock outstanding. Said another way, after paying off all of its liabilities, AGNC could buy back all of its preferred stock in whole nearly eight times over.

Given the cushion, Annaly Capital would basically have to blow up for the preferred investor not to get paid, and given the company’s size and solid history (it’s been public since 1997 and has navigated many market environments well) that is extraordinarily unlikely.

Similar to Energy Transfer’s preferred mentioned above, Annaly’s Series I doesn’t have a maturity date—but it does have a floating feature that should protect the preferred from falling much if interest rates rise. It will pay out at a 6.75% rate no matter what through June 2024, but after that, the preferred’s payment will be 4.99% plus three-month LIBOR, which tends to move up and down with the Federal Reserve’s action. (LIBOR is hovering around 1.9% these days.)

Knowing that the payment will (eventually) float should keep investors from bailing out should interest rates rise, because they know their payments will increase down the road. The combination of the fixed-to-floating feature and the extreme amount of cushion presented by Annaly makes this a very attractive instrument to own going forward.

The Bottom Line

Whether you’re interested in any of these four securities or not, our main point is that term preferreds and fixed-rate baby bonds are a largely unknown area of the market for most investors. From our view, they offer the best fixed-rate bonds for income investors looking for a safer alternative to dividend stocks.

Michael Cintolo

Your Guide to Winning Growth Stocks

Michael Cintolo is a growth stock and market timing expert. His Cabot Growth Investor, with its legendary Model Portfolio, is recommended for all investors seeking to grow their wealth.

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*This post has been updated from an original version that was published in 2016.


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